chvnradio.com

Now Playing What just played?

THE COLOR

ONE SURE THING

Listen Live

A study done by the University of Manitoba and the University of Nairobi suggests Aspirin may help prevent a person from catching HIV, but there's a long way to go yet.

The study, published in the Journal of the International Aids Society, explored whether low, daily doses of Aspirin (ASA) and hydroxychloroquine (HCQ) – both common anti-inflammatories – would reduce the number of activated HIV target cells in the genital tract.

“In women that were taking low-dose Aspirin, there was a decrease of 35 per cent of the number of activated HIV target cells that are in the genital tract, so we think that this may be the first step in trying to prove that rather than targeting the virus… by targeting this activated target cell and preventing it from getting to the genital tract, we may have a new mechanism for preventing HIV infection,” says Dr. Keith Fowke, a professor and head of the department of medical microbiology and infectious diseases at the U of M, and one of the authors of the study.

According to Dr. Fowke, the study is derived from more than 30 years of work in Nairobi, in which some sex workers were found to have high exposure to HIV but weren’t getting infected. These women, he says, are characterized to have “very calm, not highly activated” immune systems. He says highly activated immune cells are prime targets for HIV infection.

91 women enrolled in the study, 76 of whom completed the full six weeks. Thirty-nine of them were on a six-week course of HCQ and 37 were given ASA; the drugs were chosen, says Dr. Fowke, because they’re socially acceptable and widely available. According to the research article, those who took HCQ saw a 31 per cent decrease in HIV target cells in the blood, but the proportion of HIV target cells at the genital tract did not significantly decrease.

Despite the 35 per cent drop in activated target HIV cells in the Aspirin-takers, the study says it can’t say if that’s enough to actually have an impact on HIV susceptibility. Dr. Fowke says more work needs to be done, but he believes any reduction in target cells would improve prevention.

“It would never be 100 per cent protective,” he says.

Dr. Fowke says the study was physically done in Nairobi, carried out by U of M and U of Nairobi personnel, as well as local Kenyan physicians and nurses, and PhD students. It received funding through the U of M from the Canadian Institutes for Health Research.

They’ve already received funding for the next step, which Dr. Fowke says will be a similar study but with women in Kenya at high-risk of contracting HIV instead of low-risk. That will be done early next year. He says large, population-based studies would have to be done over time to determine if reducing HIV target cells in the genital tract will actually lead to reduced HIV rates.

Share this story!

What to do in Winnipeg this weekend

Spring has finally arrived and the Canada Geese are starting to make their way back!…

American Bison happy it's springtime

An American Bison at the North Carolina Zoo in Asheboro celebrated the first day of…

Favourable snow melt conditions continue

Last week's flood outlook for North Dakota and Minnesota in the Red River basin remains…

New rescue pup healing hearts with love

A scared pup found by an RCMP officer has found a new home and a new life.

South Asian monks turn to Christ

After a local Buddhist monk attended a day of evangelism training, he asked if he could…

Urgent response requested after 9 killed in Nigeria

Greater calls to action have been made in the wake of an attack that left nine dead and…

"Truly God was watching over us": pilot lands plane on highway

Some unexpected turbulence turned an ordinary flying lesson into an emergency situation…

Hundreds without power, traffic delays expected, after car hits pole

Manitoba Hydro says they will need to close at least one westbound lane of a busy morning…

Pedestrian in critical condition following crash in South Osborne

A man remains in hospital this morning after being hit by a car in South Osborne.

The spring thaw is here, be mindful of thin ice conditions

Everywhere you look the evidence of spring is here - above freezing temperatures…

Child dies following being struck by car

The Winnipeg Police Service (WPS) has confirmed that a four-year-old girl has died after…

God's timing taking Manitoba couple to devastated Mozambique

Around 400,000 people are believed to be homeless after a cyclone devastated the country…

6 Christians killed, 470 flee in attack

Open Doors USA says that three women and a nine-year-old child are among those killed…

Spring swooped in 1 day early

One of the sure signs of spring showed up just in time at Oak Hammock Marsh this week.

Large presence for reports of shots fired at apartment complex

Witnesses say they saw over 20 police cars at one point at an apartment building on Panet…

'CFS failed my daughter': family searching for answers after baby dies in foster care

The family of an infant who passed away while in the care of a foster family earlier this…

Bullet stopped by Lord's Prayer

A woman from Kanas City is thanking the Lord for her life after being protected from harm…

London police now admit to driving preacher away

A street preachers arrest resulted in him being driven to a remote area before being left…

'Tragedy averted' when man attempts to shoot officer but gun fails

The president of the Winnipeg Police Association says tragedy was averted when someone…

Asylum seeker in labour rescued stuck in deep snow

Emergency responders rescued an asylum seeker near Emerson on the weekend.